Types of House Foundation Systems
There are three main types of house foundation systems: basement, slab, and crawlspace. One is not better than another. Each one of these three types of house foundation systems has its pros and cons, which we’ll go over in this article.
Full Basement Foundation
The foundation walls extend underground in a full basement foundation, and the basement itself is entirely underground. If there are any windows, they will be small. However, a finished basement in a full basement foundation will have one or more egress windows that are large enough to serve as an escape route in case of an emergency. Full basement foundations are more common in colder climates because the foundation needs to be placed below the frost line anyway.
Full basement foundations provide homeowners with extra space for storage, laundry room, and, if finished, for living. They also offer easy access to utilities for repairs.
The downside to full basement foundations is their lack of natural light. They’re also prone to water intrusion, and therefore, they require more maintenance than slab foundations. For the same reason, they’re also not the best choice if you live in a flood-prone area. However, even if you don’t live in a flood-prone area, a full basement foundation should have a drain tile system (either exterior, interior, or both) along with a sump pump to keep excess moisture away from the foundation.
Daylight Basement Foundation
With a daylight basement foundation (also known as a partial basement), the house is built on a slope, and one or more foundation walls are either entirely above ground or partially above ground.
A daylight basement foundation has larger windows and sometimes a door to use as a separate entrance. A finished daylight basement doesn’t feel like a basement and typical basement problems – such as mold – are less of an issue.